Accelerating Truss Decomposition on Heterogeneous Processors

CategoryPublications 249

Authors: Yulin Che, Zhuohang Lai, Shixuan Sun, Yue Wang, Qiong Luo

Name of Conference: International Conference on Very Large Data Bases (VLDB 2020), Aug 31- Sept 4, 2020, Tokyo, Japan

Date of Publication: June 1, 2020


Truss decomposition is to divide a graph into a hierarchy of subgraphs, or trusses. A subgraph is a k-truss (k ≥ 2) if each edge is in at least k — 2 triangles in the subgraph. Existing algorithms work by first counting the number of triangles each edge is in and then iteratively incrementing k to peel off the edges that will not appear in (k + 1)-truss. Due to the data and computation intensity, truss decomposition on billion-edge graphs takes hours to complete on a commodity computer.

We propose to accelerate in-memory truss decomposition by (1) compacting intermediate results to optimize memory access, (2) dynamically adjusting the computation based on data characteristics, and (3) parallelizing the algorithm on both the multicore CPU and the GPU. In particular, we optimize the triangle enumeration with data skew handling, and determine at runtime whether to pursue peeling or direct triangle counting to obtain a certain k-truss. We further develop a CPU-GPU co-processing strategy in which the CPU first computes intermediate results and sends the compacted results to the GPU for further computation. Our experiments on real-world datasets show that our implementations outperform the state of the art by up to an order of magnitude. Our source code is publicly available at

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Keywords2020Parallel complexityVLDBYue Wang Previous: Next: